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Keywords:

  • antibody;
  • paraneoplastic;
  • sarcoma;
  • striational;
  • thymoma

ABSTRACT

Introduction

The clinical significance of striational antibodies (StrAbs) detected in the course of paraneoplastic antibody testing is unknown.

Methods

We compared all 203 striational antibody (StrAb)-seropositive patients identified (2004–2005) during evaluation for paraneoplastic antibodies with age- and sex-matched seronegative controls.

Results

Thymoma and myasthenia gravis (MG) were significantly more common among cases (P<0.0001). Cancers more rarely detected after StrAb detection were adenocarcinoma in 5 patients and sarcoma in 3 patients. All patients who had a cancer identified after StrAb testing had a titer of ≥1:7680 or a coexisting muscle AChR-binding antibody. Autoimmune disorders more commonly observed among cases (with any StrAb value) included: hypothyroidism; rheumatoid arthritis; and pernicious anemia (all P<0.05).

Conclusions

StrAbs may serve as a diagnostic clue for an autoimmune diagnosis. There is a low likelihood of oncological significance in patients with StrAb titers <1:7680 without coexisting paraneoplastic Abs. Muscle Nerve, 2013