SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Reeves ND, Maganaris CN, Longo S, Narici MV. Differential adaptations to eccentric versus conventional resistance training in older humans. Exp Physiol 2009;94:825833.
  • 2
    Seynnes OR, de Boer M, Narici MV. Early skeletal muscle hypertrophy and architectural changes in response to high-intensity resistance training. J Appl Physiol 2007;102:368.
  • 3
    Alegre LM, Jiménez F, Gonzalo-Orden JM, Martín-Acero R, Aguado X. Effects of dynamic resistance training on fascicle length and isometric strength. J Sports Sci 2006;24:501508.
  • 4
    Koh TJ, Herzog W. Excursion is important in regulating sarcomere number in the growing rabbit tibialis anterior. J Physiol 1998;508:267280.
  • 5
    Gajdosik RL. Passive extensibility of skeletal muscle: review of the literature with clinical implications. Clin Biomech 2001;16:87101.
  • 6
    Blazevich AJ, Cannavan D, Coleman DR, Horne S. Influence of concentric and eccentric resistance training on architectural adaptation in human quadriceps muscles. J Appl Physiol 2007;103:1565.
  • 7
    Goldspink G, Scutt A, Loughna PT, Wells DJ, Jaenicke T, Gerlach GF. Gene expression in skeletal muscle in response to stretch and force generation. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 1992;262:R356R363.
  • 8
    Goldspink G. Changes in muscle mass and phenotype and the expression of autocrine and systemic growth factors by muscle in response to stretch and overload. J Anat 1999;194:323334.
  • 9
    Goldspink DF, Cox VM, Smith SK, Eaves LA, Osbaldeston NJ, Lee DM, et al. Muscle growth in response to mechanical stimuli. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 1995;268:E288E297.
  • 10
    Hortobagyi T, Houmard JA, Stevenson JR, Fraser DD, Johns RA, Israel RG. The effects of detraining on power athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1993;25:929.
  • 11
    Gondin J, Guette M, Ballay Y, Martin A. Neural and muscular changes to detraining after electrostimulation training. Eur J Appl Physiol 2006;97:165173.
  • 12
    Kubo K, Ikebukuro T, Yata H, Tsunoda N, Kanehisa H. Time course of changes in muscle and tendon properties during strength training and detraining. J Strength Cond Res 2010;24:322.
  • 13
    Stitt TN, Drujan D, Clarke BA, Panaro F, Timofeyva Y, Kline WO, et al. The IGF-1/PI3K/Akt pathway prevents expression of muscle atrophy-induced ubiquitin ligases by inhibiting FOXO transcription factors. Mol Cell 2004;14:395403.
  • 14
    Berg H, Tedner B, Tesch P. Changes in lower limb muscle cross-sectional area and tissue fluid volume after transition from standing to supine. Acta Physiol Scand 2008;148:379385.
  • 15
    Kooistra R, Blaauboer M, Born J, de Ruiter C, de Haan A. Knee extensor muscle oxygen consumption in relation to muscle activation. Eur J Appl Physiol 2006;98:535545.
  • 16
    Kubo K, Ohgo K, Takeishi R, Yoshinaga K, Tsunoda N, Kanehisa H, et al. Effects of isometric training at different knee angles on the muscle–tendon complex in vivo. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2006;16:159167.
  • 17
    de Ruiter CJ, de Boer MD, Spanjaard M, de Haan A. Knee angle-dependent oxygen consumption during isometric contractions of the knee extensors determined with near-infrared spectroscopy. J Appl Physiol 2005;99:579586.
  • 18
    Reeves ND, Maganaris CN, Narici MV. Effect of strength training on human patella tendon mechanical properties of older individuals. J Physiol 2003;548:971.
  • 19
    Wang Q, Teo J, Ghasem-Zadeh A, Seeman E. Women and men with hip fractures have a longer femoral neck moment arm and greater impact load in a sideways fall. Osteoporos Int 2009;20:11511156.
  • 20
    Rutherford O, Jones D. Measurement of fibre pennation using ultrasound in the human quadriceps in vivo. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 1992;65:433437.
  • 21
    Reeves N, Maganaris C, Narici M. Ultrasonographic assessment of human skeletal muscle size. Eur J Appl Physiol 2004;91:116118.
  • 22
    Pearson SJ, Onambele GNL. Acute changes in knee-extensors torque, fiber pennation, and tendon characteristics. Chronobiol Int 2005;22:10131027.
  • 23
    Tabary J, Tabary C, Tardieu C, Tardieu G, Goldspink G. Physiological and structural changes in the cat's soleus muscle due to immobilization at different lengths by plaster casts. J Physiol 1972;224:231.
  • 24
    Williams P, Goldspink G. The effect of immobilization on the longitudinal growth of striated muscle fibres. J Anat 1973;116:45.
  • 25
    Loughna P, Goldspink G, Goldspink DF. Effect of inactivity and passive stretch on protein turnover in phasic and postural rat muscles. J Appl Physiol 1986;61:173179.
  • 26
    de la Tour EH, Tabary J, Tabary C, Tardieu C. The respective roles of muscle length and muscle tension in sarcomere number adaptation of guinea-pig soleus muscle. J Physiol 1979;75:589.
  • 27
    Narici M, Hoppeler H, Kayser B, Landoni L, Claassen H, Gavardi C, et al. Human quadriceps cross sectional area, torque and neural activation during 6 months strength training. Acta Physiol Scand 1996;157:175186.
  • 28
    Leeuwen JLV, Spoor CW. Modelling mechanically stable muscle architectures. Phil Trans R Soc Lond B 1992;336:275292.
  • 29
    Ryan L. Mechanical stability, muscle strength and proprioception in the functionally unstable ankle. Aust J Physiother 1994;40:41.
  • 30
    Blazevich AJ, Gill ND, Zhou S. Intra- and intermuscular variation in human quadriceps femoris architecture assessed in vivo. J Anat 2006;209:289310.
  • 31
    Huijing P, Jaspers R. Adaptation of muscle size and myofascial force transmission: a review and some new experimental results. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2005;15:349380.
  • 32
    Bamman MM, Newcomer BR, Larson-Meyer DE, Weinsier RL, Hunter GR. Evaluation of the strength–size relationship in vivo using various muscle size indices. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2000;32:13071313.
  • 33
    Jones DA, Rutherford OM. Human muscle strength training: the effects of three different regimens and the nature of the resultant changes. J Physiol 1987;391:111.
  • 34
    McMahon G, Morse CI, Burden AB, Winwood K, Onambele GL. Impact of range-of-motion during ecologically valid resistance training protocols, on muscle size, subcutaneous fat and strength. J Strength Cond Res (in press).
  • 35
    Kooistra R, de Ruiter C, de Haan A. Knee angle-dependent oxygen consumption of human quadriceps muscles during maximal voluntary and electrically evoked contractions. Eur J Appl Physiol 2008;102:233242.
  • 36
    Borst SE, De Hoyos DV, Garzarella L, Vincent K, Pollock BH, Lowenthal DT, et al. Effects of resistance training on insulin-like growth factor-I and IGF binding proteins. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2001;33:648.
  • 37
    Lee S, Barton ER, Sweeney HL, Farrar RP. Viral expression of insulin-like growth factor-I enhances muscle hypertrophy in resistance-trained rats. J Appl Physiol 2004;96:10971104.