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High-resolution ultrasound visualization of the subcutaneous nerves of the forearm: A feasibility study in anatomic specimens



Introduction: The aim of this ultrasound-anatomical study was to evaluate the ability of high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) to visualize and infiltrate small subcutaneous nerves of the forearm in anatomic specimens. Methods: Seven nonembalmed human bodies (4 men, 3 women; mean age at death, 60 years) were included in the study. Two investigators scanned the anatomic specimens using 15-MHz and 18-MHz HRUS transducers. The lateral, medial, and posterior antebrachial cutaneous nerves were scanned and interventionally marked with ink using HRUS-guidance. Subsequently, dissections were performed to assess the anatomical correlation of HRUS findings. Results: All 3 nerves were identified consistently using HRUS. The precision of the ink-markings was excellent, with good correlation with the small peripheral branches of all 3 nerves. Conclusions: HRUS can identify precisely the small subcutaneous nerves of the forearm and may aid in both diagnosis and therapy in cases of neuropathy. Muscle Nerve 49: 676–679, 2014