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Keywords:

  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease;
  • childhood hereditary neuropathy;
  • hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsy;
  • LITAF;
  • PMP22

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The first episode of hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsy (HNPP) in childhood is rare. Methods: We analyzed retrospectively the data of 7 patients with a deletion in PMP22 and onset of symptoms before age 18 years. Direct sequencing of the LITAF (lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor) gene was performed in patients and family members. Results: Clinical presentations varied from mononeuropathies to brachial plexopathy, with recurrent episodes in 4 patients. Electrophysiological abnormalities characteristic for HNNP were found in most subjects. Analysis of the LITAF gene revealed an Ile92Val polymorphism in 6 of 7 (86%) probands and 5 of 7 (83%) family members, over 4 times greater frequency than in the general population. Conclusions: Clinical suspicion of HNPP even when nerve conduction study results do not fulfill HNPP criteria should indicate genetic testing. In our patients, early-onset HNPP was associated frequently with isoleucine92valine LITAF polymorphism. Muscle Nerve 50: 914–918, 2014