Executive summary: The International Consultation on incontinence 2008—committee on: “Dynamic Testing”; for Urinary or fecal incontinence. Part 3: Anorectal physiology studies


  • Conflicts of interest: none.

  • Christopher Chapple led the review process.



The members of ‘The International Consultation on Incontinence 2008 (Paris) Committee on Dynamic Testing’ provide an executive summary of the chapter ‘Dynamic Testing’ that discusses testing methods for patients with signs and or symptoms of incontinence. Testing of patients with signs and or symptoms of urinary as well as testing of patients with fecal incontinence is discussed.


Evidence based and consensus committee report.


The chapter ‘Dynamic Testing’ is a continuation of previous Consultation-reports added with a new systematic literature search and expert discussion. Conclusions, based on the published evidence and recommendations, based on the integration of evidence with expert experience and discussion are provided separately, for transparency.


This third part of a series of three articles summarizes the recommendations given in the paragraph: ‘Anorectal physiology studies’ with regard to fecal incontinence (whether or not in combination with urinary incontinence) and includes only the most recent and relevant literature references. Neurourol. Urodynam. 29: 153–158, 2010. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.