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Keywords:

  • epidemiology;
  • fecal incontinence;
  • nursing;
  • urinary incontinence

Abstract

Aims

To determine the prevalence, and sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with combined fecal and urinary incontinence in adults living in Pouso Alegre, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Methods

This epidemiological study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the University of São Paulo School of Nursing. The participants were selected using a stratified cluster sampling design. The final sample consisted of 519 individuals, randomly selected, aged ≥18 years, living in 341 households in the urban area. Prevalence was adjusted for age and gender.

Results

The total prevalence of double incontinence was 3.0% (men 1.0%; women 5.0%). The results of the final logistic regression model showed that changes in the habit of going out (odds ratio = 62.2; P < 0.001), duration of incontinence (odds ratio = 39.2; P < 0.001), female gender (odds ratio = 21.6; P < 0.001), and widowhood (odds ratio = 19.4; P < 0.001) were associated with the presence of double incontinence.

Conclusion

The study allowed a better understanding of the epidemiology of double incontinence and may contribute to the development of public policies and programs for primary and secondary prevention and treatment of double incontinence, at least at the municipal level. Neurourol. Urodynam. Neurourol. Urodynam. 30: 1473–1479, 2011. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.