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Prevalence of self-reported double incontinence in the Urban population of a Brazilian city


  • Claudia Regina de Souza Santos,

    Corresponding author
    1. Enterostomal Therapy Outpatient Clinic, Pouso Alegre City Public Health Department, Pouso Alegre, Brazil
    2. Lavras University Center (UNILAVRAS) School of Nursing, Lavras, MG, Brazil
    • Adjunct Professor, Rua Áureo Pereira Silva, 75, Bairro Colinas de Santa Bárbara, CEP 37550-000 Pouso Alegre, MG, Brazil.
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  • Vera Lúcia Conceição de Gouveia Santos

    1. University of São Paulo School of Nursing (EE-USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil
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  • Conflict of interest: none.

  • Dirk De Ridder led the review process.



To determine the prevalence, and sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with combined fecal and urinary incontinence in adults living in Pouso Alegre, Minas Gerais, Brazil.


This epidemiological study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the University of São Paulo School of Nursing. The participants were selected using a stratified cluster sampling design. The final sample consisted of 519 individuals, randomly selected, aged ≥18 years, living in 341 households in the urban area. Prevalence was adjusted for age and gender.


The total prevalence of double incontinence was 3.0% (men 1.0%; women 5.0%). The results of the final logistic regression model showed that changes in the habit of going out (odds ratio = 62.2; P < 0.001), duration of incontinence (odds ratio = 39.2; P < 0.001), female gender (odds ratio = 21.6; P < 0.001), and widowhood (odds ratio = 19.4; P < 0.001) were associated with the presence of double incontinence.


The study allowed a better understanding of the epidemiology of double incontinence and may contribute to the development of public policies and programs for primary and secondary prevention and treatment of double incontinence, at least at the municipal level. Neurourol. Urodynam. Neurourol. Urodynam. 30: 1473–1479, 2011. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.