Eric Rovner led the review process.
Article first published online: 9 JUN 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Neurourology and Urodynamics
Volume 30, Issue 5, pages 729–734, June 2011
How to Cite
Tubaro, A., Koelbl, H., Laterza, R., Khullar, V. and de Nunzio, C. (2011), Ultrasound imaging of the pelvic floor: Where are we going?. Neurourol. Urodyn., 30: 729–734. doi: 10.1002/nau.21136
Conflict of interest: none.
- Issue published online: 9 JUN 2011
- Article first published online: 9 JUN 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 MAR 2011
- Manuscript Received: 27 FEB 2011
- pelvic floor;
- pelvic organ prolapse;
- urinary incontinence
We produced a non systematic review of ultrasound imaging of the pelvic floor in women with urinary incontinence (UI) and/or pelvic organ prolapse (POP).
We have searched the PubMed and Embase databases for the following PICO question: women; imaging; urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, pelvic floor, pelvic floor muscle, pelvic floor muscle training; physical examination, no imaging; diagnosis, prognosis, outcome. The production of a systematic review was deemed impossible based on the type and quality of the published evidence.
Clinical research focused on the pathophysiology of the UI and POP looking relation between anatomic abnormalities, childbirth, the risk of UI or POP, the outcome of conservative treatment and reconstructive surgery. Published papers fall into the remits of diagnostic studies but often fail to comply with the recommendations of the STARD initiative. Most published evidence remains the product of a single institution effort and confirmatory studies are rarely found. Imaging studies in patients with UI did not provide evidence of any clinical benefit in the management of patients. In patients with POP, interesting correlations have been identified such as between childbirth, dimension of levator hiatus, avulsion of levator ani and risk of prolapse, but the non clinical benefit of pelvic floor imaging could still not be identified.
Research on pelvic floor imaging requires a coordinated, international, multicentre effort to improve internal and external validity of imaging techniques, confirm observations published by single institutions and provide health technology assessment of imaging in the management of UI or POP patients. Neurourol. Urodynam. Neurourol. Urodynam. 30:729–734, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.