• anesthesia;
  • resiniferatoxin;
  • spinal cord injury;
  • Sprague-Dawley rats;
  • urinary bladder



We investigated the effect of resiniferatoxin (RTX)-treatment on cystometric parameters in the spinal cord injury (SCI) rats in both conscious and urethane-anesthetized conditions and evaluated the influence of urethane-anesthesia on the effect of RTX on lower urinary tract (LUT) function in SCI rats.


Female Sprague-Dawley rats were used. SCI was created by transection of the T8-T9 spinal cord. Four weeks after the transection, the animals were placed in a restraint cage for the first cystometric measurements in a conscious state. Secondary cystometric measurements were performed in a conscious condition following the 1 day after RTX-(0.3 mg/kg) or vehicle-subcutaneous injection. Then the animals were injected with urethane (1.5 g/kg, subcutaneously), and cystometric measurements were repeated four times every 1 hr-interval.


After the RTX-treatment in a conscious condition, urinary retention was observed in three out of five animals. In addition, the number of non-voiding contractions (NVCs) significantly decreased although their amplitude did not change significantly. After the urethane-injection, all of the animals treated with RTX developed urinary retention. The amplitude of NVCs significantly decreased, whereas the number of NVCs did not change significantly in the RTX-treated group. No cystometric parameters significantly changed after either vehicle- or urethane-injection in the vehicle-treated group.


The present results indicate that the suppressive effects of RTX on NVCs as well as voiding contractions in SCI rats can be enhanced by urethane-anesthesia. Such suppressive effect of urethane-anesthesia itself should be taken into consideration when we evaluate a drug-effect on LUT function in rats with SCI. Neurourol. Urodynam. 34:274–279, 2015. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.