• afferent;
  • β3-adrenoceptor;
  • nitric oxide;
  • Sprague-Dawley rats;
  • urinary bladder


We measured single-unit mechanosensitive afferent activities (SAAs) during reflexic, rhythmic bladder contractions (RBCs), and examined whether L-arginine, an NO substrate, and mirabegron, a β3-adrenoceptor agonist, and oxybutynin, an antimuscarinic agent, can affect the SAAs in such condition.


Twenty-nine female Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized. SAA was identified by electro-stimulation of the left pelvic nerve and by bladder distension, and was divided into Aδ- or C-fibers by conduction velocity. To produce the RBCs, right L6 dorsal roots were kept intact. Under an isovolumetric condition, vehicle and L-arginine (300 mg/kg) or mirabegron (1 mg/kg) or oxybutynin (1 mg/kg) were administered intravenously.


All of the Aδ- (n = 26) and C-fibers (n = 29) capable of responding to bladder distention were also responsive to bladder contractions during RBCs. The amplitude and duration of RBCs significantly decreased after mirabegron- and oxybutynin-administrations, but not after L-arginine-administration. The interval of RBC was significantly elongated after L-arginine- and mirabegron-administrations. Regarding the SAAs, the peaks of firing rate (FR) during RBCs and FR during the non-contractile phase were decreased after L-arginine-administration, which were more remarkable for Aδ-fibers than C-fibers. Similar results were observed after mirabegron-administration only for Aδ-fibers. After oxybutynin-administration, the peak of FR of both fiber-SAAs significantly decreased, but the change was not significant when the value was normalized by the amplitude of RBCs.


The present results indicate that mechanosensitive Aδ- and C-fibers were also responsive to bladder contractions, and that NO production and β3-adrenoceptor stimulation can inhibit SAAs mainly of Aδ-fibers synchronized with RBCs. Neurourol. Urodynam. 34:368–374, 2015. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.