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Keywords:

  • behavioral management;
  • frail older persons;
  • older people;
  • overactive bladder;
  • stress urinary incontinence;
  • urinary incontinence;
  • urinary retention

Background

Evidence based guidelines for the management of frail older persons with urinary incontinence are rare. Those produced by the International Consultation on Incontinence represent an authoritative set of recommendations spanning all aspects of management.

Aims

To update the recommendations of the 4th ICI.

Materials and Methods

A series of systematic reviews and evidence updates were performed by members of the working group in order to update the 2009 recommendations. The resulting guidelines were presented at the 2012 meeting of the European Associatioon of Urology.

Results

Along with the revision of the treatment algorithm and accompanying text. There have been significant advances in several areas including pharmacological treatment of overactive bladder.

Discussion

The committee continue to notes the relative paucity of data concerning frail older persons and draw attention to knowledge gaps in this area. Neurourol. Urodynam. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.