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Quadratic bottleneck problems

Authors

  • Abraham P. Punnen,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Mathematics, Simon Fraser University Surrey, Central City, 250-13450 102nd AV, Surrey, British Columbia, V3T 0A3, Canada
    • Department of Mathematics, Simon Fraser University Surrey, Central City, 250-13450 102nd AV, Surrey, British Columbia, V3T 0A3, Canada
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  • Ruonan Zhang

    1. Department of Mathematics, Simon Fraser University Surrey, Central City, 250-13450 102nd AV, Surrey, British Columbia, V3T 0A3, Canada
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Abstract

We study the quadratic bottleneck problem (QBP) which generalizes several well-studied optimization problems. A weak duality theorem is introduced along with a general purpose algorithm to solve QBP. An example is given which illustrates duality gap in the weak duality theorem. It is shown that the special case of QBP where feasible solutions are subsets of a finite set having the same cardinality is NP-hard. Likewise the quadratic bottleneck spanning tree problem (QBST) is shown to be NP-hard on a bipartite graph even if the cost function takes 0–1 values only. Two lower bounds for QBST are derived and compared. Efficient heuristic algorithms are presented for QBST along with computational results. When the cost function is decomposable, we show that QBP is solvable in polynomial time whenever an associated linear bottleneck problem can be solved in polynomial time. As a consequence, QBP with feasible solutions form spanning trees, s-t paths, matchings, etc., of a graph are solvable in polynomial time with a decomposable cost function. We also show that QBP can be formulated as a quadratic minsum problem and establish some asymptotic results. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Naval Research Logistics, 2011

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