Get access

Supplier certification and quality investment in supply chains

Authors

  • Ying-Ju Chen,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720
    • Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Mingcherng Deng

    1. Baruch College, City University of New York, New York, New York 10010
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Global sourcing has made quality management a more challenging task, and supplier certification has emerged as a solution to overcome suppliers' informational advantage about their product quality. This article analyzes the impact of certification standards on the supplier's investment in quality, when a buyer outsources the production process. Based on our results, deterministic certification may lead to under-investment in quality improvement technology for efficient suppliers, thereby leading to potential supply chain inefficiency. The introduction of noisy certification may alleviate this under-investment problem, when the cost of information asymmetry is high. While allowing noisy certification always empowers the buyer to offer a menu to screen among heterogeneous suppliers, the buyer may optimally choose only a limited number of certification standards. Our analysis provides a clear-cut prediction of the types of certifiers the buyer should use for heterogeneous suppliers, and we identify the conditions under which the supplier benefits from noisy certification. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Naval Research Logistics, 2013

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary