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Longitudinal absolute metabolite quantification of white and gray matter regions in healthy controls using proton MR spectroscopic imaging

Authors

  • Oliver T. Wiebenga,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam and VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    2. Department of Anatomy and Neurosciences, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam and VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    • Correspondence to: O. T. Wiebenga, Radiology, VU University Medical Center. E-mail: o.wiebenga@vumc.nl

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  • Antoine M. Klauser,

    1. Department of Anatomy and Neurosciences, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam and VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
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  • Gijsbert J. A. Nagtegaal,

    1. Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam and VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    2. Department of Anatomy and Neurosciences, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam and VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
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    • Deceased.

  • Menno M. Schoonheim,

    1. Department of Anatomy and Neurosciences, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam and VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
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  • Frederik Barkhof,

    1. Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam and VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
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  • Jeroen J. G. Geurts,

    1. Department of Anatomy and Neurosciences, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam and VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
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  • Petra J. W. Pouwels

    1. Department of Physics and Medical Technology, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam and VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate quality parameters, metabolite concentrations and concentration ratios, and to investigate the reproducibility of quantitative proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (1H-MRSI) of selected white and gray matter regions of healthy adults.

2D-quantitative short-TE 1H-MRSI spectra were obtained at 1.5T from the healthy human brain. Subjects (n = 12) were scanned twice with an interval of six months. Absolute metabolite concentrations were obtained based on coil loading, taking into account differences in sensitivity of the phased-array head coil. Spectral quality parameters, absolute metabolite concentrations, concentration ratios, and their reproducibility were determined and compared between time-points using a repeated measures general linear model.

The quality of the spectra of selected brain areas was good, as determined by a mean spectral linewidth between 4.8 and 7.3 Hz (depending on the region). No significant differences between the two time-points were observed for spectral quality, concentrations, or concentration ratios. The mean intrasubject coefficient of variation (CoV) varied between 4.0 and 8.5% for total N-acetylaspartate, 7.2 and 10.8% for total creatine, 5.9 and 9.8% for myo-inositol, and 8.0 and 13.3% for choline, and remained below 20% for glutamate. CoV was generally lower when concentration ratios were considered.

The study shows that longitudinal quantitative short-TE 1H-MRSI generates reproducible absolute metabolite concentrations in healthy human white and gray matter. This may serve as a background for longitudinal clinical studies in adult patients. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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