SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Tanner JE. Self diffusion of water in frog muscle. Biophys. J. 1979; 28: 107116.
  • 2
    Scollan DF, Holmes A, Winslow R, Forder J. Histological validation of myocardial microstructure obtained from diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging. Am. J. Physiol. 1998; 275: H23082318.
  • 3
    Moseley ME, Cohen Y, Kucharczyk J, Mintorovitch J, Asgari HS, Wendland MF, Tsuruda J, Norman D. Diffusion-weighted MR imaging of anisotropic water diffusion in cat central nervous system. Radiology 1990; 176: 439445.
  • 4
    Basser PJ, Mattiello J, LeBihan D. Estimation of the effective self-diffusion tensor from the NMR spin echo. J. Magn. Reson. B 1994; 103: 247254.
  • 5
    Basser PJ, Mattiello J, Le Bihan D. MR diffusion tensor spectroscopy and imaging. Biophys. J. 1994; 66: 259267.
  • 6
    van Gelderen P, de Vleeschouwer MH, DesPres D, Pekar J, van Zijl PCM, Moonen CTW. Water diffusion and acute stroke. Magn. Reson. Med. 1994; 31: 154163.
  • 7
    van Zijl PCM, Davis D, Moonen CTW. NMR in Physiology and Biomedicine, GilliesRJ (ed.). Academic Press: San Diego, CA, 1994; 185198.
  • 8
    Mori S, van Zijl PCM. Diffusion weighting by the trace of the diffusion tensor within a single scan. Magn. Reson. Med. 1995; 33: 4152.
  • 9
    Neil J, Shiran S, McKinstry R, Schefft G, Synder A, Almli C, Akbudak E, Arnovitz J, Miller J, Lee B, Conturo T. Normal brain in human newborns: apparent diffusion coefficient and diffusion anisotropy measured by using diffusion tensor MR imaging. Radiology 1998; 209: 5766.
  • 10
    Neil JM, Mukherjee P, Huppi PS. Diffusion tensor imaging of normal and injured developing human brain. NMR Biomed. 2002; 15: 543552.
  • 11
    Clark C, Werring D, Miller D. Diffusion imaging of the spinal cord in vivo: estimation of the principal diffusion and application to multiple sclerosis. Magn. Reson. Med. 2000; 43: 133138.
  • 12
    Tievsky A, Ptak T, Farkas J. Investigation of apparent diffusion coefficient and diffusion tensor anisotrophy in acute and chronic multiple sclerosis lesions. Am. J. Neuroradiol. 1999; 20: 14911499.
  • 13
    Ellis C, Simmons A, Jones D, Bland J, Dawson J, Horsfield M, Williams S, Leigh P. Diffusion tensor MRI assesses corticospinal tract damages in ALS. Neurology 1999; 22: 10511058.
  • 14
    Mukherjee P, Bahn MM, McKinstry RC, Shimony JS, Cull TS, Akudak E, Snyder AZ, Conturo TE. Difference between gray matter and white matter water diffusion in stroke: diffusion tensor MR imaing in 12 patients. Radiology 2000; 215: 211220.
  • 15
    Sotak CH. The role of diffusion tensor imaging in the evaluation of ischemic brain injury. NMR Biomed. 2002; 15: 561569.
  • 16
    Lim KO, Hedehus M, Moseley M, de Crespigny A, Sullivan EV, Pfefferbaum A. Compromised white matter tract integrity in schizophrenia inferred from diffusion tensor imaging. Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 1999; 56: 367374.
  • 17
    Horsfield MA, Jones DK. Applications of diffusion-weighed and diffusion tensor MRI to white matter diseases. NMR Biomed. 2002; 15: 570577.
  • 18
    Klingberg T, Hedehus M, Temple E, Salz T, Gabrieli J, Moseley M, Poldrack R. Microstructure of temporo-parietal white matter as a basis for reading ability: evidence from diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging. Neuron 2000; 25: 493500.
  • 19
    Ulug AM, Beauchamp N Jr., Bryan RN, van Zijl PC. Absolute quantitation of diffusion constants in human stroke. Stroke 1997; 28: 48390.
  • 20
    Baird AE, Warach S. Magnetic resonance imaging of acute stroke. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 1998; 18: 583609.
  • 21
    Albers GW, Lansberg MG, Norbash AM, Tong DC, O'Brien MW, Woolfenden AR, Marks MP, Moseley ME. Yield of diffusion-weighted MRI for detection of potentially relevant findings in stroke patients. Neurology 2000; 54: 15621567.
  • 22
    Wu O, Koroshetz WJ, Ostergaard L, Buonanno FS, Copen WA, Gonzalez RG, Rordorf G, Rosen BR, Schwamm LH, Weisskoff RM, Sorensen AG. Predicting tissue outcome in acute human cerebral ischemia using combined diffusion- and perfusion-weighted MR imaging. Stroke 2001; 32: 93342.
  • 23
    Pierpaoli C, Basser PJ. Toward a quantitative assessment of diffusion anisotropy. Magn. Reson. Med. 1996; 36: 893906.
  • 24
    Ulug A, van Zijl PCM. Orientation-independent diffusion imaging without tensor diagonalization: anisotropy definitions based on physical attributes of the diffusion ellipsoid. J. Magn. Reson. Imag. 1999; 9: 804813.
  • 25
    Douek P, TR, Pekar J, Patronas N, Le Bihan D. MR color mapping of myelin fiber orientation. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr. 1991; 15: 923929.
  • 26
    Nakada T, Matsuzawa H. Three-dimensional anisotropy contrast magnetic resonance imaging of the rat nervous system: MR axonography. Neurosci. Res. 1995; 22: 389398.
  • 27
    Pajevic S, Pierpaoli C. Color schemes to represent the orientation of anisotropic tissues from diffusion tensor data: application to white matter fiber tract mapping in the human brain. Magn. Reson. Med. 1999; 42: 526540.
  • 28
    Mori S, Crain BJ, van Zijl PC. 3D brain fiber reconstruction from diffusion MRI. In Proceedings of International Conference on Functional Mapping of the Human Brain, Montreal, 1998.
  • 29
    Basser JB. Fiber-tractography via diffusion tensor MRI. In Proceedings of International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Sydney, 1998; 1226.
  • 30
    Mori S, Crain BJ, Chacko VP, van Zijl PCM. Three dimensional tracking of axonal projections in the brain by magnetic resonance imaging. Ann. Neurol. 1999; 45: 265269.
  • 31
    Xue R, van Zijl PCM, Crain BJ, Solaiyappan M, Mori S. In vivo three-dimensional reconstruction of rat brain axonal projections by diffusion tensor imaging. Magn. Reson. Med. 1999; 42: 11231127.
  • 32
    Conturo TE, Lori NF, Cull TS, Akbudak E, Snyder AZ, Shimony JS, McKinstry RC, Burton H, Raichle ME. Tracking neuronal fiber pathways in the living human brain. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 1999; 96: 1042210427.
  • 33
    Mori S, Kaufmann WK, Pearlson GD, Crain BJ, Stieltjes B, Solaiyappan M, van Zijl PCM. In vivo visualization of human neural pathways by MRI. Ann. Neurol. 2000; 47: 412414.
  • 34
    Poupon C, Clark CA, Frouin V, Regis J, Bloch L, Le Bihan D, Mangin JF. Regularization of diffusion-based direction maps for the tracking of brain white matter fascicules. NeuroImage 2000; 12: 184195.
  • 35
    Basser PJ, Pajevic S, Pierpaoli C, Duda J, Aldroubi A. In vitro fiber tractography using DT-MRI data. Magn. Reson. Med. 2000; 44: 625632.
  • 36
    Jones DK, Simmons A, Williams SC, Horsfield MA. Non-invasive assessment of axonal fiber connectivity in the human brain via diffusion tensor MRI. Magn. Reson. Med. 1999; 42: 3741.
  • 37
    Parker GJ. Tracing fiber tracts using fast marching. In Proceedings, International Society of Magnetic Resocance, Denver, CO, 2000; 85.
  • 38
    Lazar M, Weinstein D, Hasan K, Alexander AL. Axon tractography with tensorlines. In Proceedings of International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Denver, CO, 2000; 482.
  • 39
    Werring DJ, Toosy AT, Clark CA, Parker GJ, Barker GJ, Miller DH, Thompson AJ. Diffusion tensor imaging can detect and quantify corticospinal tract degeneration after stroke. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat. 2000; 69: 269272.
  • 40
    Tuch DS, Belliveau JW, Wedeen V. A path integral approach to white matter tractography. In Proceedings of International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Denver, CO, 2000; 791.
  • 41
    Wedeen V, Reese TG, Tuch DS, Weigel MR, Dou JG, Weiskoff RM, Chessler D. Mapping fiber orientation spectra in cerebral white matter with fourier-transform diffusion MRI. In Proceedings of International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Denver, CO, 2000; p. 82.
  • 42
    Stieltjes B, Kaufmann WE, van Zijl PCM, Fredericksen K, Pearlson GD, Mori S. Diffusion tensor imaging and axonal tracking in the human brainstem. NeuroImage 2001; 14: 723735.
  • 43
    Beaulieu C. The basis of anisotropic water diffusion in the nervous system. NMR Biomed. 2002; 15: 435455.
  • 44
    Chenevert TL, Brunberg JA, Pipe JG. Anisotropic diffusion in human white matter: Demonstration with MR technique in vivo. Radiology 1990; 177: 401405.
  • 45
    Doran M, Hajnal JV, van Bruggen N, King MD, Young IR, Bydder GM. Normal and abnormal white matter tracts shown by MR imaging using directional diffusion weighted sequences. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr. 1990; 14: 865873.
  • 46
    Pierpaoli C, Jezzard P, Basser PJ, Barnett A, Di Chiro G. Diffusion tensor MR imaging of human brain. Radiology 1996; 201: 637648.
  • 47
    Makris N, Worth AJ, Sorensen AG, Papadimitriou GM, Reese TG, Wedeen VJ, Davis TL, Stakes JW, Caviness VS, Kaplan E, Rosen BR, Pandya DN, Kennedy DN. Morphometry of in vivo human white matter association pathways with diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging. Ann. Neurol. 1997; 42: 951962.
  • 48
    Crosby E, Humphrey T, Lauer E. Correlative anatomy of the nervous system. Macmillan: New York, 1962.
  • 49
    Carpenter M. Human neuroanatomy. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1976.
  • 50
    Nieuwenhuys R, Voogd J, van Huijzen C. The Human Central Nervous System. Springer: Berlin, 1983.
  • 51
    Lori NF, Akbuda E, Snyder AZ, Shimony JS, Conturo TE. Diffusion tensor tracking of human neuronal fiber bundles: Simulation of effects of noise, voxel size and data interpolation. In Proceedings, International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Denver, CO, 1999; 775.
  • 52
    Mori S, Kaufmann WE, Davatzikos C, Stieltjes B, Amodei L, Fredericksen K, Pearlson GD, Melhem ER, Solaiyappan M, Raymond GV, Moser HW, van Zijl PCM. Imaging cortical association tracts in human brain. Magn. Reson. Imag. 2002; 47: 215223.
  • 53
    Lazar M, Alexander AL. Error analysis of white matter tracking algorithms (streamlines and tensorlines) for DT-MRI. In Proceedings of International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Glasgow, UK, 2001; 506.
  • 54
    Mangin J-F, Poupon C, Riviere D, Ppadopoulos-Orfanos D, Clark CA, Regis J, Le Bihan D. Spin glass models for the inference of anatomical connectivities matrices from diffusion-weighted MR data. NMR Biomed. 2002; 15: 481492.
  • 55
    Holodny AI, Ollenschleger MD, Liu WC, Schulder M, Kalnin AJ. Identification of the corticospinal tracts achieved using blood-oxygen- level-dependent and diffusion functional MR imaging in patients with brain tumors. Am. J. Neuroradiol. 2001; 22: 8388.
  • 56
    Tuch DS, Wiegell MR, Reese TG, Belliveau JW, Wedeen V. Measuring cortico-cortical connectivity matrices with diffusion spectrum imaging. In Proceedings of International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Glasgow, UK, 2001; 502.
  • 57
    Wedeen V. Imaging crossing fibers. NMR Biomed. (in press).
  • 58
    Weinstein D, Kindlmann G, Lundberg EC. Tensorlines: advection diffusion based propagation through diffusion tensor fields. In Proceedings, IEEE Visualization, San Francisco, CA, 1999; p. 249253.
  • 59
    Zhang S, Laidlaw D. Elucidating neural structure in diffusion tensor MRI volumes using streamtubes and streamsurfaces. In Proceedings of International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Imaging, Glasgow, UK, 2001; 505.
  • 60
    Frank LR. Anisotropy in high angular resolution diffusion-weighted MRI. Magn. Reson. Med. 2001; 45: 935939.
  • 61
    Mori S, Fredericksen K, van Zijl PC, Stieltjes B, kraut AK, Solaiyappan M, Pomper MD. Brain white matter anatomy of tumor patients using diffusion tensor imaging. Ann. Neurol. 2002; 51: 377380.
  • 62
    Lin CP, Tseng WY, Cheng HC, Chen JH. Validation of diffusion tensor magnetic resonance axonal fiber imaging with registered manganese-enhanced optic tracts. Neuroimage 2001; 14: 10351047.
  • 63
    Albert B, Bray D, Lewis J, Raff M, Roberts K, Watson JD. Molecular Biology of the Cell. Garland Publishing: New York, 1989.
  • 64
    Williams TH, Gluhbegovic N, Jew JY. The human brain: dissections of the real brain. Vitrual Hospital, University of Iowa, 1997; www.vh.org/Providers/Textbooks/BrainAnatomy and www.brain-university.com [21/10/00]