Successful use of anti-epileptic drugs in three cases of epilepsy with higher brain dysfunction

Authors


Correspondence

Dr Mitsuru Kawamura, Department of Neurology, Showa University School of Medicine, 1-5-8, Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan. Email: kawa@med.showa-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Aim

To clarify the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy with higher brain dysfunction (E-HBD).

Methods

Using neuropsychological testing we identified three cases.

Results

All three cases showed persistent aphasia, amnesia or attention deficits – possibly connected with epilepsy – and were treated with anti-epileptic drugs (AED). Although the AED proved effective, there were no findings of non-convulsive status epileptics.

Conclusion

The etiology of E-HBD is unclear, but treatment with AED alleviated the higher brain function deficits in our three patients.

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