One of the most active areas of neurobiology research concerns mechanisms involved in paradigms of synaptic plasticity. A popular model for cellular leaning and memory is long term potentiation (LTP) in hippocamus. LTP requires postsynaptic influx of Ca2+ which triggers multiple biochemical pathways resulting in pre- and postsynaptic mechanisms enhancing long term synaptic efficiency. This article focuses on an acute postsynaptic Mechanism that can enhance responsiveness of glutamate receptors. Evidence is presented that calcium/calmodulin/dependent protein kinase II, the major potsynaptic density protein at excitatory glutaminergic synapses, can phosphorylate glutamate receptors and enhance ion current flowing through them. 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.