Reproducing kernel particle methods for structural dynamics

Authors

  • Wing Kam Liu,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, U.S.A.
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Professor of Mechanical and Civil Engineering

  • Sukky Jun,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, U.S.A.
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Graduate student

  • Shaofan Li,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, U.S.A.
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Graduate student

  • Jonathan Adee,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, U.S.A.
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Graduate student

  • Ted Belytschko

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, U.S.A.
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Professor of Mechanical and Civil Engineering


Abstract

This paper explores a Reproducing Kernel Particle Method (RKPM) which incorporates several attractive features. The emphasis is away from classical mesh generated elements in favour of a mesh free system which only requires a set of nodes or particles in space. Using a Gaussian function or a cubic spline function, flexible window functions are implemented to provide refinement in the solution process. It also creates the ability to analyse a specific frequency range in dynamic problems reducing the computer time required. This advantage is achieved through an increase in the critical time step when the frequency range is low and a large window is used. The stability of the window function as well as the critical time step formula are investigated to provide insight into RKPMs. The predictions of the theories are confirmed through numerical experiments by performing reconstructions of given functions and solving elastic and elastic–plastic one-dimensional (1-D) bar problems for both small and large deformation as well as three 2-D large deformation non-linear elastic problems. Numerical and theoretical results show the proposed reproducing kernel interpolation functions satisfy the consistency conditions and the critical time step prediction; furthermore, the RKPM provides better stability than Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) methods. In contrast with what has been reported in SPH literature, we do not find any tensile instability with RKPMs.

Ancillary