Get access

Efficient non-linear model reduction via a least-squares Petrov–Galerkin projection and compressive tensor approximations

Authors

  • Kevin Carlberg,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Stanford University, Mail Code 3035, Stanford, CA 94305, U.S.A.
    • Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Stanford University, Mail Code 3035, Stanford, CA 94305, U.S.A.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Charbel Bou-Mosleh,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Notre Dame University, P.O. Box 72 Zouk Mikael, Louaize, Lebanon
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Charbel Farhat

    1. Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Stanford University, Mail Code 3035, Stanford, CA 94305, U.S.A.
    2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Mail Code 3035, Stanford, CA 94305, U.S.A.
    3. Institute for Computational and Mathematical Engineering, Stanford University, Mail Code 3035, Stanford, CA 94305, U.S.A.
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

A Petrov–Galerkin projection method is proposed for reducing the dimension of a discrete non-linear static or dynamic computational model in view of enabling its processing in real time. The right reduced-order basis is chosen to be invariant and is constructed using the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition method. The left reduced-order basis is selected to minimize the two-norm of the residual arising at each Newton iteration. Thus, this basis is iteration-dependent, enables capturing of non-linearities, and leads to the globally convergent Gauss–Newton method. To avoid the significant computational cost of assembling the reduced-order operators, the residual and action of the Jacobian on the right reduced-order basis are each approximated by the product of an invariant, large-scale matrix, and an iteration-dependent, smaller one. The invariant matrix is computed using a data compression procedure that meets proposed consistency requirements. The iteration-dependent matrix is computed to enable the least-squares reconstruction of some entries of the approximated quantities. The results obtained for the solution of a turbulent flow problem and several non-linear structural dynamics problems highlight the merit of the proposed consistency requirements. They also demonstrate the potential of this method to significantly reduce the computational cost associated with high-dimensional non-linear models while retaining their accuracy. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Ancillary