This paper presents a perfectly matched layer (PML) technique for the numerical simulation of three-dimensional linear elastodynamic problems, where the geometry is invariant in the longitudinal direction. Examples include transportation infrastructure, dams, lifelines, and alluvial valleys.
For longitudinally invariant geometries, a computationally efficient two-and-a-half-dimensional (2.5D) approach can be applied, where the Fourier transform from the longitudinal coordinate to the wavenumber domain allows for the representation of the three-dimensional radiated wave field on a two-dimensional mesh. In this 2.5D framework, the equilibrium equations of a PML continuum are formulated in a weak form for an isotropic elastodynamic medium and discretized using a Galerkin approach.
The 2.5D PML methodology is validated by computing the Green's displacements of a homogeneous halfspace, demonstrating that the 2.5D PML absorbs all propagating waves for different angles of incidence. Furthermore, the dynamic stiffness of a rigid strip foundation and the efficiency of a vibration isolating screen are computed. The examples demonstrate that the PML methodology is computationally efficient, especially when only the response of the structure or the near field response is of interest.Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.