An exponential high-order compact ADI method for 3D unsteady convection–diffusion problems



In this article, we develop an exponential high order compact alternating direction implicit (EHOC ADI) method for solving three dimensional (3D) unsteady convection–diffusion equations. The method, which requires only a regular seven-point 3D stencil similar to that in the standard second-order methods, is second order accurate in time and fourth-order accurate in space and unconditionally stable. The resulting EHOC ADI scheme in each alternating direction implicit (ADI) solution step corresponding to a strictly diagonally dominant matrix equation can be solved by the application of the one-dimensional tridiagonal Thomas algorithm with a considerable saving in computing time. Numerical experiments for three test problems are carried out to demonstrate the performance of the present method and to compare it with the classical Douglas–Gunn ADI method and the Karaa's high-order compact ADI method. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Numer Methods Partial Differential Eq 2013