• adverse events;
  • medical;
  • nursing;
  • health services;
  • integrative literature review


An integrative literature review was conducted to investigate studies on adverse events reported in medical, health services, and nursing literature. The review was guided by the method proposed by Jackson (1980) and Ganong (1987). Three questions shaped the review: (a) What terms are used to denote adverse events? (b) What purposes drive adverse events research? and (c) What data sources are used to study adverse events? Adverse events was the dominant term, the study of adverse events as an outcome variable was the prevailing research purpose, and monitoring or screening the patient clinical record and self-reported incidents by health care professionals were the main data sources. Future research is recommended to conceptualize and study adverse events. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 26:398–408, 2003