Testing a preoperative pain management intervention for elders¶†
Version of Record online: 23 OCT 2001
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Research in Nursing & Health
Volume 24, Issue 5, pages 402–409, October 2001
How to Cite
McDonald, D. D., Freeland, M., Thomas, G. and Moore, J. (2001), Testing a preoperative pain management intervention for elders¶. Res. Nurs. Health, 24: 402–409. doi: 10.1002/nur.1040
The authors thank Rosemary Hathaway and Barbara Redman for their leadership in bringing the authors together to enhance research-based nursing practice; Rhoda Kaplan for contributing so much in spirit and effort in recruiting participants; and data collectors John McNulty, Leah Tremaine, Anne Cross, Margie Krietler, Jennifer Cassavant, Tara Schultz, and David Cussano for their high integrity and steadfast commitment.
- Issue online: 23 OCT 2001
- Version of Record online: 23 OCT 2001
- Manuscript Accepted: 4 APR 2001
- Manuscript Received: 9 AUG 1999
- University of Connecticut Research Foundation
- communication skills
The investigators examined whether elders who have been taught pain management communication skills and pain management information obtain greater postoperative pain relief than elders not taught this information. Thirty-one elders were randomly assigned preoperatively to a control or communication group in this posttest-only experiment with repeated measures. Communication group participants were taught pain management, pain communication skills, and the use of two pain-intensity scales. Control group participants were taught to use the two pain-intensity scales. Pain was measured with the McGill Pain Questionnaire Short Form. The communication group elders reported less postoperative pain over the course of their hospital stay. Pain management knowledge alone may have enabled the elders to obtain greater pain relief. Nurses may want to incorporate similar pain management information and pain communication skills when teaching elders how to obtain greater postoperative pain relief. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Res Nurs Health 24:402–409, 2001