• exercise;
  • resistance training;
  • intervention;
  • Black and Hispanic women;
  • health promotion;
  • exercise self-efficacy


A quasi-experimental design was used to test the outcomes of an exercise program directed towards Black and Hispanic college-age women. Forty-four women (36 Black, 7 Hispanic, and 1 Black/Hispanic) attended exercise classes three times per week for 16 weeks. At program completion, women were classified as either high attendees (n = 26) or low attendees (n = 18). Compared to low attendees, the high attendees had significantly higher exercise self-efficacy (p < .001), perceived benefits and barriers (p = .004), aerobic fitness, flexibility, muscle strength, and percentage of body fat (all p < .001). Daily activity levels improved significantly in the high attendance group following the program (p < .001) and at 8 weeks post-program completion (p = .01). © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 27:357–369, 2004