Dean and Professor.
Randomized study of stability and change in patients' advance directives†
Version of Record online: 14 SEP 2005
Copyright © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Research in Nursing & Health
Volume 28, Issue 5, pages 398–407, October 2005
How to Cite
Froman, R. D. and Owen, S. V. (2005), Randomized study of stability and change in patients' advance directives. Res. Nurs. Health, 28: 398–407. doi: 10.1002/nur.20094
The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Susie Briones, Renée Galloway, and Ajaz Shah on this project.
- Issue online: 14 SEP 2005
- Version of Record online: 14 SEP 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 JUN 2005
- National Institute for Nursing Research (federal grant). Grant Number: NINR 1-R15-NR05216-01.
- advance directives;
- life support preferences questionnaire;
Little is known about ethnic differences in understanding or using advance directives (ADs). Although health practitioners may presume AD intentions are durable over time, there is no supporting evidence. This randomized study intended to (a) examine differences between hospitalized Hispanic and non-Hispanic patients' AD preferences, (b) assess AD stability, and (c) discover if the Life Support Preferences Questionnaire (LSPQ) influences AD preferences. Hispanics and non-Hispanics showed no difference in AD preferences. However, non-Hispanics were more likely to change AD preferences. The LSPQ itself prompted change in AD preferences, delivering an educational effect with no specific educational intent. Change seen in patients' ADs, even over a brief interval, suggests revisiting AD preferences with patients and their families after hospitalization. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 28: 398–407, 2005.