Effect of guided imagery with relaxation on health-related quality of life in older women with osteoarthritis

Authors

  • Carol L. Baird,

    Corresponding author
    1. Purdue University School of Nursing, West Lafayette IN 47907-2069
    • Purdue University School of Nursing, 502 N. University Street, West Lafayette IN 47907-2069.
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    • Associate Professor.

  • Laura P. Sands

    1. Purdue University School of Nursing, West Lafayette IN 47907-2069
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    • Associate Professor.


Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common cause of disability in older adults, which, in turn, leads to poor quality of life (QOL). Disability is caused primarily by the joint degeneration and pain associated with OA. A randomized pilot study was conducted to test the effectiveness of guided imagery with relaxation (GIR) to improve health-related QOL (HRQOL) in women with OA. A two-group (intervention versus control) longitudinal design was used to determine whether GIR leads to better HRQOL in these individuals and whether improvement in HRQOL could be attributed to intervention-associated improvements in pain and mobility. Twenty-eight women were randomized to either the GIR intervention or the control intervention group. Using GIR for 12 weeks significantly increased women's HRQOL in comparison to the women who used the control intervention, even after statistically adjusting for changes in pain and mobility. These findings suggest that the effects of GIR on HRQOL are not limited to improvements in pain and mobility. GIR may be an easy-to-use self-management intervention to improve the QOL of older adults with OA. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 29: 442–451, 2006

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