A bone health intervention for older adults living in residential settings



Osteoporosis, a major health problem that increases with age, may lead to fractures and loss of independence. This study focused on testing a bone health intervention aimed at assisting older adults living independently in residential settings to maintain healthy bones with the long-term goals of fracture prevention and maintenance of independent function. Forty-seven participants (M (age) = 79.36 years) completed six 1-hour educational sessions. Pre-intervention testing of osteoporosis knowledge and healthy bone behaviors was followed by posttests at 1 week, 6 weeks, and 7½ months. Findings revealed significant increases in knowledge and behaviors from baseline to 9½ months, although a slight decline during the last 6 months when there was no reinforcement of learning suggests the need for periodic follow-up. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 29: 566–575, 2006