National incidence of percutaneous injury in Taiwan healthcare workers

Authors

  • Judith S.C. Shiao,

    1. Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
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    • Assistant Professor.

  • Ming-Siou Lin,

    1. Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Taiwan
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    • Associate Investigator.

  • Tung-Sheng Shih,

    1. Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Taiwan
    2. Graduate Institute of Environmental Health, College of Public Health, China Medical University and Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
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    • Investigator, Professor.

  • Janine Jagger,

    1. Department of Internal Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA
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    • Professor.

  • Chiou-Jong Chen

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Taiwan
    • No. 99, Lane 407, Hengke Rd., Sijhih City, Taipei County 221, Taipei, Taiwan.
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    • Investigator.


  • We greatly appreciate all participating hospitals of Chinese EPINet. This project is partially sponsored by the Taiwan Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH-M305).

Abstract

We established a standardized surveillance system using the Chinese Exposure Prevention Information Network to estimate the frequency of percutaneous injuries (PCIs) in Taiwanese healthcare workers (HCWs). Fourteen hospitals employing 8,132 HCWs participated and a total of 583 PCIs were reported. The annual number was estimated to be 8,058 PCIs per hospital size, 8,100 per HCWs, and 8,286 per inpatient-day; indicating similar estimates using different denominators. The estimated annual frequency of pathogen-specific PCIs was 1,168 for hepatitis B, 1,263 for hepatitis C, and 59 for HIV. This study documents the annual incidence of PCI among HCWs showing important potential exposure to viral hepatitis and HIV in Taiwan. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 31:172–179, 2008

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