Development of an instrument to assess perceived self-efficacy in the parents of infants†
Article first published online: 22 FEB 2008
Copyright © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Research in Nursing & Health
Volume 31, Issue 5, pages 442–453, October 2008
How to Cite
Črnčec, R., Barnett, B. and Matthey, S. (2008), Development of an instrument to assess perceived self-efficacy in the parents of infants. Res. Nurs. Health, 31: 442–453. doi: 10.1002/nur.20271
The authors would like to acknowledge the staff at Karitane, Fiona Jameson, Steve Roach, and Edwina Curtis for their assistance in conducting this research. The comments of three anonymous reviewers were also greatly appreciated.
- Issue published online: 5 SEP 2008
- Article first published online: 22 FEB 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 NOV 2007
- parent–child relationship;
- test development;
In addition to research applications, the measurement of perceived parental self-efficacy (PPSE) could be useful clinically in screening for parenting difficulties, targeting interventions, and evaluating outcomes. In this research we examined the psychometric properties of the Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale (KPCS), a new 15-item PPSE measure. A no-problem control group and three clinical groups comprising 187 mothers with infants were recruited. The KPCS showed acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = .81), test–retest reliability (r = .88), and discriminant and convergent validity. A cut-off score was determined, and the scale's sensitivity and positive predictive power was 86% and 88%, respectively. The KPCS may prove a useful addition to tools for the assessment of parents and infants presenting to clinical services. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 31:442–453, 2008