• anxiety;
  • mental health;
  • physical activity;
  • model testing;
  • Taiwan


The aim of this study was to test a theoretical model of the facilitators and barriers to physical activity for Taiwanese adults with anxiety. Structural equation modeling was used to examine both one-way direct and indirect influences of 11 personal and cognitive-emotional factors on physical activity in this population (N = 239). The final version of the model provided a good fit to the data, with nine variables explaining 23.3% of the variance in physical activity. Perceived life stress events, perceived benefits of activity, and perceived self-efficacy for activity directly influenced physical activity. The results suggest that these variables should be addressed in designing treatment physical activity programs for Taiwanese individuals with anxiety. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 31:476–489, 2008