A warm footbath before bedtime and sleep in older Taiwanese with sleep disturbance†
Version of Record online: 5 MAY 2008
Copyright © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Research in Nursing & Health
Volume 31, Issue 5, pages 514–528, October 2008
How to Cite
Liao, W.-C., Chiu, M.-J. and Landis, C. A. (2008), A warm footbath before bedtime and sleep in older Taiwanese with sleep disturbance. Res. Nurs. Health, 31: 514–528. doi: 10.1002/nur.20283
This work was supported by the Hester McLaws Nursing Scholarship, University of Washington, School of Nursing; the Center for Women's Health and Gender Research, Grants NR04001, NR081346, AT002108; and the National Taiwan University Hospital, Department of Neurology. We thank Mr. Jim Rothermel for his assistance with sleep scoring and the NREM program implementation, Dr. Martha Lentz for her vast patience and knowledge in managing and analyzing data, and Dr. Patricia Prinz for her guidance in the early drafts of this manuscript. We also express our sincere appreciation to the elders who participated in this study.
- Issue online: 5 SEP 2008
- Version of Record online: 5 MAY 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 MAR 2008
A single-group crossover design was used to examine the effects of a warm footbath on body temperatures, distal-proximal skin temperature gradient (DPG), and sleep outcomes in 15 Taiwanese elders with self-reported sleep disturbance. Body temperatures and polysomnography were recorded for three consecutive nights. Participants were assigned randomly to receive a 41°C footbath for 40 minutes before sleep onset on night 2 or night 3. Mean DPG before lights off was significantly elevated on the bathing night. There were no significant differences in sleep outcomes between the two nights. However, when the first two non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep periods were examined, the amount of wakefulness was decreased in the second NREM period on the bathing night. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 31:514–528, 2008