Reliability and validity of the Sexual Pressure Scale for Women-Revised

Authors

  • Rachel Jones,

    Corresponding author
    1. Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, College of Nursing, Newark, NJ
    • Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, College of Nursing, Ackerson Hall, 180 University Ave., Newark, NJ 07102.
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    • Assistant Professor.

  • Elsie Gulick

    1. Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, College of Nursing, Newark, NJ
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    • Professor Emeritus.


  • This research was supported in part by grants to the first author from the National Institute of Nursing Research (RO3 NR009349), the National Library of Medicine (G08 LM008349) and the Rutgers University Busch Biomedical Research Grant. The authors gratefully acknowledge Kianna Cromedy, Shauday Rodney, Tina Truncellito, and Esmeralda Valle for their insights and assistance with data collection, the directors of participating public housing developments, the public recreation center, and the STD clinic, and especially the women who participated in these studies.

Abstract

Sexual pressure among young urban women represents adherence to gender stereotypical expectations to engage in sex. Revision of the original five-factor Sexual Pressure Scale was undertaken in two studies to improve reliabilities in two of the five factors. In Study 1 the reliability of the Sexual Pressure Scale for Women-Revised (SPSW-R) was tested, and principal components analysis was performed in a sample of 325 young, urban women. A parsimonious 18-item, four-factor model explained 61% of the variance. In Study 2 the theory underlying sexual pressure was supported by confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation modeling in a sample of 181 women. Reliabilities of the SPSW-R total and subscales were very satisfactory, suggesting it may be used in intervention research. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 32:71–85, 2009

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