The impact of vascular leg disorders on physical activity in methadone-maintained adults†
Article first published online: 29 JUL 2010
Copyright © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Research in Nursing & Health
Volume 33, Issue 5, pages 426–440, October 2010
How to Cite
Pieper, B., Templin, T. N., Kirsner, R. S. and Birk, T. J. (2010), The impact of vascular leg disorders on physical activity in methadone-maintained adults. Res. Nurs. Health, 33: 426–440. doi: 10.1002/nur.20392
The authors gratefully acknowledge the clinical input of Terri Gibbons, BS, Valerie Grech, ADN, RN, and Joyce Peck, BSN, RN as research assistants. The authors acknowledge the invaluable contributions of the following methadone treatment centers: Department of Human Services, Building 5 & Gratiot, Detroit; Metropolitan Rehabilitation Clinics, Oak Park; Millennium Treatment Services, Madison Heights & Warren; Nardin Park Recovery Center, Detroit; New Light Recovery Center, Detroit; Parkview Counseling Centers Detroit, Dearborn Heights, & Pontiac; STAR Center, Inc., Detroit; University Psychiatric Centers, Jefferson, Detroit.
- Issue published online: 29 JUL 2010
- Article first published online: 29 JUL 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 JUN 2010
- Effect of Drug Use on the Legs: Chronic Venous Insufficiency, Mobility and Pain. Grant Number: R01 NR009264 (NIH/NINR)
- physical activity;
- chronic venous disorders;
- peripheral arterial disease
Chronic venous disorders (CVD) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) may affect diverse physical activity domains. How CVD and PAD and other relevant variables affect physical activity was examined in 569 opioid-addicted adults. Both CVD and PAD were significantly inversely related to daily walking, sports, and active living. Effects remained significant in the latent variable regression after controlling covariates. Overall activity was very low; most participants walked less than a half mile daily and rarely engaged in sports. Motivation for physical activity was the strongest predictor (β = .55) of daily physical activity. Health-care professionals promoting physical activity for injection users should consider the vascular health of their legs and motivational variables in addition to general health. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 33:426–440, 2010