Validation of the short form of the chinese childbirth self-efficacy inventory in Mainland China

Authors

  • Ling-Ling Gao,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Nursing, Sun Yat-sen University, 74#, Zhongshan Road II, Guangzhou 510089, China
    • School of Nursing, Sun Yat-sen University, 74#, Zhongshan Road II, Guangzhou 510089, China
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    • Associate Professor.

  • Wan-Yim Ip,

    1. Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
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    • Associate Professor.

  • Ke Sun

    1. The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
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    • Head Nurse of Obstetric Department.


  • This study was supported by a grant to the first author from Guangdong Science and Technology Department, China (No. 2004B33801001).

Abstract

Self-efficacy increasingly has been reported as an important outcome measure in childbirth care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometrics of the short form of the Chinese Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory (CBSEI-C32) in mainland China. A convenience sample of 297 pregnant Chinese women who were attending the out-patient clinic of the study hospital in Guangzhou participated in the study. The participants were asked to complete the CBSEI-C32, the Chinese Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (CSAS), the Chinese Self-Efficacy Scale (CSE) and the socio-demographic questionnaire. A subgroup of 75 pregnant women was selected randomly from the total sample using a table of random numbers for test–retest reliability assessment. The findings demonstrate high internal consistency (Cronbach's α = .96) and test–retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = .88) for the CBSEI-C32. Confirmatory factor analysis showed some support for a two-factor structure of the CBSEI-C32, and construct validity was further supported by a significant relationship with CSAS. The CBSEI-C32 has the potential to be used as a clinical and research instrument for measuring childbirth self-efficacy in women in mainland China. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 34:49–59, 2011

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