Can modifications to the bedroom environment improve the sleep of new parents? Two randomized controlled trials

Authors

  • Kathryn A. Lee,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 2 Koret Way, Box 0606, Room N411Y, San Francisco, CA 94143-0606
    • Research Specialist in the UCSF Department of Family Health Care Nursing.
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    • Professor, James & Marjorie Livingston Chair, and Associate Dean of Research, UCSF School of Nursing.

  • Caryl L. Gay

    1. School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 2 Koret Way, Box 0606, Room N411Y, San Francisco, CA 94143-0606
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    • Research Specialist in the UCSF Department of Family Health Care Nursing.


  • Authors wish to acknowledge the research participants for generously giving their time as well as the contributions of the research team that included: Annelise Gardiner, Shih-Yu Lee, Maria Cho, Therese Doan, Valerie Tobin, Claudia Rocha, Naomi Schoenfeld, Suzanne Towns, and Margaret Taffe.

Abstract

Postpartum sleep disruption is common among new parents. In this randomized controlled trial we evaluated a modified sleep hygiene intervention for new parents (infant proximity, noise masking, and dim lighting) in anticipation of night-time infant care. Two samples of new mothers (n = 118 and 122) were randomized to the experimental intervention or attention control, and sleep was assessed in late pregnancy and first 3 months postpartum using actigraphy and the General Sleep Disturbance Scale. The sleep hygiene strategies evaluated did not benefit the more socioeconomically advantaged women or their partners in Sample 1, but did improve postpartum sleep among the less advantaged women of Sample 2. Simple changes to the bedroom environment can improve sleep for new mothers with few resources. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 34:7–19, 2011

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