The influence of adult behaviors on child coping during venipuncture: A sequential analysis†
Article first published online: 31 JAN 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Research in Nursing & Health
Volume 34, Issue 2, pages 116–131, April 2011
How to Cite
Taylor, C., Sellick, K. and Greenwood, K. (2011), The influence of adult behaviors on child coping during venipuncture: A sequential analysis. Res. Nurs. Health, 34: 116–131. doi: 10.1002/nur.20424
Funding was by small internal university grants (University of Western Sydney, La Trobe University).
- Issue published online: 7 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 31 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 DEC 2010
The aim of this exploratory study was to investigate the influences of adult behaviors on child coping behaviors during venipunctures (VPs) in an emergency department. Observations of children and adults from 66 VPs were coded using a modified version of the Child–Adult Medical Procedure Interaction Scale and analyzed using sequential analysis. Results showed adult reassurance behavior promoted child distress behaviors, such as crying, as well as nondistress behaviors, such as information seeking; adult distraction behaviors promoted children's distraction, control, and coping behaviors; and children frequently ignored adult behaviors. Findings suggest further exploration of children's internal strategies for coping, such as appraisal, and clarifying the role of adult reassurance in child coping behaviors. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health