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Spirituality and psychological well-being: Testing a theory of family interdependence among family caregivers and their elders


  • This research was supported by the Susie Dissertation Research Fellowship from the Global Korean Nursing Foundation (GKNF). We gratefully acknowledge editing by Dr. Beverly Rosenthal.


The family spirituality-psychological well-being model was developed and tested to explore how spirituality influences psychological well-being among elders and caregivers in the context of Korean family caregiving. The sample consisted of 157 Korean elder-family caregiver dyads in Seoul, Korea. The intraclass correlation coefficient and the actor–partner interdependence statistical model were used to analyze the data. There were significant correlations between elders' and caregivers' spirituality and between elders' and caregivers' psychological well-being. Elders' and caregivers' spirituality significantly influenced their own psychological well-being. The caregiver's spirituality significantly influenced the elder's psychological well-being, but the elder's spirituality did not significantly influence the caregiver's psychological well-being. Findings suggest that elders' and caregivers' spirituality should be assessed within the family to provide holistic nursing interventions. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health