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Demographic, psychosocial, and contextual correlates of tobacco use in sexual minority women


  • We acknowledge the contributions of our community partners: CALOR, serving Latinos with disabilities including HIV/AIDS, Task Force AIDS Prevention, serving African-Americans at risk for and infected with HIV, and Transgensis Social Services (no longer in operation; at the time of the study served transgender individuals).


Demographic, psychosocial, and contextual correlates of tobacco use among sexual minority women (SMW) were assessed using data from a larger lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) study. Of the 171 participants, 42% (n = 71) were smokers. However, 61% of smokers reported a recent quit attempt, and 39% were taking action toward or planning to quit. In multivariable logistic regression, lack of insurance, frequent attendance at LGBT bars, greater awareness of anti-smoking messages, and fewer perceived deterrents to smoking were associated with greater odds of smoking. Our findings provide additional support for elevated smoking rates among SMW and help to identify factors associated with smoking in this population. Awareness of prevention campaigns, recent quit attempts, and intention to quit were high, suggesting opportunities for smoking cessation. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health