Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of nursing professionals and students in Beijing toward cardiovascular disease risk reduction


  • This survey was a sub-project of the program, “Cardiovascular Health Education Training Program for Health Care Professionals in the Community in China,” sponsored by a joint fund of the Ministry of Health of People's Republic of China and the Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation of the United States. We would like to thank all the nurses who participated in this survey. We also would like to extend our thanks to all the nursing executives in the two nursing schools and two affiliated hospitals, and in particular to Ms. Li Yao, Vice Director of the Nursing Center of Chinese Ministry of Health. We would especially like to thank Dr. Valerie Swigart from the University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, a dedicated, patient, kind, and humorous editor, for her extended work on the revision and editing of this manuscript.


The rising incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in China intensifies the need for effective health education for CVD risk reduction. The purpose of this study was to develop a description of nurses' knowledge about, attitudes toward, practice behaviors, and personal lifestyle behaviors related to CVD risk reduction. We surveyed 273 staff nurses, 35 nursing faculty, and 139 nursing students in Beijing. Most nurses could identify common risk factors for CVD and had positive attitudes toward CVD risk reduction. However, less than 58% of the respondents could correctly answer questions about evidence-based recommendations for CVD risk reduction. This sample of Chinese nursing professionals and students lacked knowledge critical to providing guidance to individuals with or at risk for CVD. More intensive and creative approaches to the education of nursing professionals regarding CVD risk reduction are recommended. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 34:228–240, 2011