Testing a multi-group model of culturally competent behaviors among underrepresented nurse practitioners†
Version of Record online: 8 JUN 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Research in Nursing & Health
Volume 34, Issue 4, pages 327–341, August 2011
How to Cite
Benkert, R., Templin, T., Schim, S. M., Doorenbos, A. Z. and Bell, S. E. (2011), Testing a multi-group model of culturally competent behaviors among underrepresented nurse practitioners. Res. Nurs. Health, 34: 327–341. doi: 10.1002/nur.20441
This Research was partially supported by a Faculty Research Incentive Award from Wayne State University College of Nursing and National Institute for Nursing Research funding (NINR R21NR010896-01A1). The authors thank the research assistants who helped with survey mailing, data collection, and data input: Wilfred Allen, Anita Manns, Sheila Morrisette, E. Frank Thompson, and Sarah Witkopf. The authors also thank the manuscript reviewers for their careful and thoughtful review.
- Issue online: 7 JUL 2011
- Version of Record online: 8 JUN 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 APR 2011
- advanced practice;
- culture diversity;
- discrimination/barriers to care;
- LISREL/SEM/path analysis
Diversifying the health professional workforce and enhancing cultural competence are recommended for decreasing health disparities. We tested a structural equation model of the predictors of culturally competent behaviors in a mailed survey of three groups of underrepresented nurse practitioners (n = 474). Our model had good fit and accounted for 29% of the variance in culturally competent behaviors. Life experiences with diversity had direct effects on awareness/sensitivity and behaviors, and diversity training had a direct effect on behaviors. Cultural awareness/sensitivity mediated the relationship between life experiences with diversity and culturally competent behaviors; all paths remained after controlling for covariates. For unique experiences that contribute to workplace diversity, life experiences with diversity, and diversity training are important for culturally competent behaviors. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 34:327–341, 2011