Always, never, or sometimes: Examining variation in condom-use decision making among black adolescent mothers


  • We would like to thank Dr. Ellen Volpe, Tamayia Bell Betts, Natalie Pierre, Natur Haile, and Patricia Coury-Doniger for their operational support of the study, including recruiting, interviewing, group facilitation, and providing space to conduct the research.


Our purpose in this study was to describe Black adolescent mothers' decisions regarding condom use and non-use with their male sex partners, including their children's fathers. Research on partner type and condom use has been insufficiently focused on understanding the specific influence that the biological father of the baby has on condom use among adolescent mothers. We conducted five focus groups and three interviews with 31 predominantly African-American mothers. We found that their decisions to use condoms always, never, or sometimes were based on partner type and on emotional and relationship factors. The “baby daddy” was the only partner with whom they never used condoms. HIV/STI prevention interventions for adolescent mothers must address risk taking with their children's biological fathers. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 34:270–281, 2011