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Predictors of post-release research retention and subsequent reenrollment for women recruited while incarcerated

Authors

  • Lorie S. Goshin,

    Corresponding author
    1. Columbia University School of Nursing, 617 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032
    • Columbia University School of Nursing, 617 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032.
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    • Associate Research Scientist.

  • Mary W. Byrne

    1. Columbia University School of Nursing, 617 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032
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    • Stone Foundation and Elise D. Fish Professor in Clinical Health Care for the Underserved.


  • Support for writing this manuscript was provided by NIH/NINR Grant RO1 NR007782 (M. Byrne, P.I.).

Abstract

Correctional facilities are prime targets for nursing interventions to decrease health disparities, but challenges to post-release follow-up limit use of the longitudinal research designs needed to fully examine intervention effects. Using an adapted version of the Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations, we determined predictors of 1-year post-release study retention and subsequent reenrollment an average of 3 years later in 88 mother and child dyads recruited from a state prison nursery. Predisposing characteristics and enabling factors emerged as strong predictors of loss to follow-up. Female research participants can be successfully retained years after release from a correctional facility. Understanding the barriers and facilitators to post-release follow-up supports the creation of theoretically informed strategies to retain formerly incarcerated populations. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 35:94–104, 2012

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