Nurses' treatment of tobacco dependence in hospitalized smokers in three states†
Article first published online: 10 APR 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Research in Nursing & Health
Volume 35, Issue 3, pages 250–264, June 2012
How to Cite
Sarna, L., Bialous, S., Ong, M., Wells, M. and Kotlerman, J. (2012), Nurses' treatment of tobacco dependence in hospitalized smokers in three states. Res. Nurs. Health, 35: 250–264. doi: 10.1002/nur.21476
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Grant #1-R18/DP001149-04 for funding the project. We acknowledge the contributions of the participating hospitals in California, Indiana, and West Virginia; and the assistance of the West Virginia Hospital Association; the Indiana State Board of Nursing, the Association of California Nurse Leaders; the Indiana Tobacco Prevention and Cessation and the West Virginia Division of Tobacco Prevention, and Dr. Pat Parkerton and Ms. Lisa Chang.
- Issue published online: 6 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 10 APR 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 MAR 2012
- tobacco use;
- quit line
Hospital-based nurses (N = 1,790) from three states reported their interventions to help patients quit smoking. Frequency of nurses' interventions in one low tobacco use state, California (n = 651), were compared to nurses' interventions in two high tobacco use states, Indiana (n = 720) and West Virginia (n = 419). Nurses in California were significantly more likely to Advise smokers to quit (OR 1.34, 95% CI [1.06, 1.69]) and Refer smokers to a Quitline (OR 2.82, 95% CI [1.36, 5.88]) compared with nurses in the high tobacco prevalence states. Other aspects of their interventions did not differ by state. Quitline referral was infrequent (16%) but was quadrupled if nurses arranged for smokers to quit (OR 4.07, 95% CI [3.11, 5.32]). © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 35:250–264, 2012