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Stress and neuroticism in Spanish nursing students: A two-wave longitudinal study

Authors

  • Joana Fornés-Vives,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Balearic Islands, Palma de Mallorca (Illes Balears), Spain
    • Edifici Guillem Cifre de Colonya, Ctra de Valldemossa, km 7.5, 07122 Palma de Mallorca (Illes Balears), Spain.
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    • Professor.

  • Gloria García-Banda,

    1. Department of Psychology, University of Balearic Islands, Palma de Mallorca (Illes Balears), Spain
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    • Associate Professor.

  • Dolores Frías-Navarro,

    1. Department of Methodology of the Behavioural Sciences, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
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    • Associate Professor.

  • Enrique Hermoso-Rodríguez,

    1. Department of Nursing, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
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    • Associate Professor.

  • Pilar Santos-Abaunza

    1. Department of Nursing, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain
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    • Associate Professor.


  • The authors would like to thank to all students participating in this longitudinal study for their time and commitment along the years. We appreciate as well the journal reviewers' and editors' thoughtful comments and suggestions, which have helped improve the quality of early versions of the manuscript. This research was supported by Department of Research, Technological Development and Innovation of Balearic Islands Government Grant AAEE 0097/08 awarded to Joana Fornés, and by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science Grant SEJ2007-63837 awarded to Gloria García-Banda.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to clarify the direction of the stress–neuroticism relationship in a sample of 200 nursing students from three Spanish universities before their entry into the work force using a two-wave longitudinal design. The Stressful Life Events Scale and NEO-FFI Neuroticism subscale were administered at the beginning (T1) and end (T2) of nursing studies. Female students reported higher scores in both perceived stress due to life events and neuroticism than males. Older students scored higher in life events stress than younger ones. High neuroticism was associated with a high level of stress. Finally, neuroticism scores rose in the group in which stress increased from T1 to T2. Our findings partially support the stress causation interactionist model of stress in which life events can modify personality traits. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 35:589–597, 2012

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