• evidence-based nursing;
  • research utilization;
  • barriers to research utilization;
  • Taiwanese nurses;
  • nursing care;
  • quality improvement


This cross-sectional study was designed to identify barriers to research utilization among registered nurses (N = 510) in clinical settings in Taiwan. Data were collected by mailed survey. Barriers were measured by the Barriers to Research Utilization Scale-Chinese version, which has four subscales: characteristics of the adopter (nurse), organization (setting barriers and limitations), innovation (research qualities), and communication (presentation/accessibility of the research). Research utilization was predicted by frequency of reading professional literature, years of research experience, hospital classification, and the barriers of communication, innovation, and adopter characteristics. These findings indicate the need to enhance Taiwanese nurses' research efficacy, research-based information, and research experiences. Nursing administrators should create a research-friendly climate and support implementing research findings. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 36:191–202, 2013