Psychosocial factors associated with diet quality in a working adult population


  • Supported by a TL1 grant (TR000456) and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number UL1TR000454. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. The Center for Health Discovery and Well Being Study (CHDWB) is supported by the CF Foundation, Inc., and Emory University. Acknowledgement of editorial assistance by Dr. Bonnie Jennings.


The associations between specific intra- and inter-personal psychosocial factors and dietary patterns were explored in a healthy, working adult sample of university and health center employees (N = 640) who were enrolled in a prospective predictive health study. Participants had a mean age of 48 (SD = 11) years and were 67% women and 30% minority. Baseline psychosocial measures of perceived stress, depressive symptoms, social support, and family functioning were examined for their relationships with three diet quality indices—AHEI, DASH, and the Mediterranean. Dietary intake was of moderate quality in this high-income, well-educated, psychosocially healthy population. Social support was positively associated with better diet quality for all three indices (p < .01). Further research should focus on socio-environmental factors associated with diet quality. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 36:242–256, 2013