Resourcefulness Training for Grandmothers: Preliminary Evidence of Effectiveness
Article first published online: 26 NOV 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Research in Nursing & Health
Volume 37, Issue 1, pages 42–52, February 2014
How to Cite
Zauszniewski, J. A., Musil, C. M., Burant, C. J. and Au, T.-Y. (2014), Resourcefulness Training for Grandmothers: Preliminary Evidence of Effectiveness. Res. Nurs. Health, 37: 42–52. doi: 10.1002/nur.21574
- Issue published online: 10 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 26 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 OCT 2013
- National Institute of Nursing Research. Grant Number: R21-NR-010581
- expressive writing;
- verbal disclosure
In this pilot study of 102 grandmothers raising grandchildren, we used a quasi-experimental, repeated measures design to examine effects of resourcefulness training reinforced by expressive writing (journaling) or verbal disclosure (digital voice recording) in reducing stress and depressive symptoms and enhancing quality of life. Resourcefulness training was compared with expressive writing, verbal disclosure, and attention control conditions. Both the expressive writing and verbal disclosure methods for reinforcing resourcefulness training were more effective than the other three conditions in reducing stress and depressive symptoms and improving quality of life. No difference was found between the two reinforcement methods. Grandmothers may benefit from learning resourcefulness skills and from practicing them in ways that best fit their needs and lifestyles. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.