Comparative analysis of nonverbal interpersonal communication of schizophrenics and normals

Authors

  • Dr. Sally Brosz Hardin

    Assistant Professor, Corresponding author
    1. College of Nursing, University of Illinois at the Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
    • Department of Psychiatric Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at the Medical Center, 845 South Damen Avenue, Chicago, IL 60612
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Abstract

The nonverbal communications of schizophrenics and normals in dyadic interactions were analyzed and compared. Twelve purposively selected women were videotaped in normal-normal, normal-schizophrenic, and schizophrenic-schizophrenic communication acts for 30 minutes. Using a PLATO IV computer program and a modified Kendon Kinesic Notation System, a priori sets of nonverbal behaviors were recorded at 1-second intervals. Frequency and duration scores for the sets of nonverbal behaviors with corresponding communication meanings were totaled. A nested analysis of variance showed that the three groups differed significantly (p < .05) in engagement and defensiveness and that the normal interactors were the least imitative of the three groups. An analysis and description of the patterns of nonverbal communication also revealed differences, lending support to the theory of dysjunctive schizophrenic communication.

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