The Effect of Transition Modules on New Graduate Adaptation


  • Sandra J. Weiss

    1. Dr. Sandra Weiss was director, Neophyte Nurse Project, San Francisco Consortium at the time this research was done and currently is associate dean of academic programs and associate professor in the School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco.
    Search for more papers by this author


The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of educational modules to aid new graduate nurses in adapting to the work environment. An experimental group of new graduates (n = 63) and their controls (n = 58) from eight hospitals were given Corwin's Role Conception Scale, Seeman's Powerlessness Scale, Benner's Clinical Skills Inventory, and Munson's Job Satisfaction Index to measure adaptation at entry to work and 6 months later. The effects of the educational modules were determined by the adaptation measures, cognitive tests, and a Nursing Service Questionnaire. After 6 months in the work setting, the experimental group had less discrepancy between their desired and existing level of clinical skill (p < .05) and a greater orientation to bureaucratic expectations than controls (p < .01), as well as an increase in job satisfaction (p < .05) and a decrease in role deprivation (p < .05). In addition, the impact on turnover saved hospitals an average of £3, 178 for every 10 new graduates they hired.