Perceptions and attitudes toward nursing impairment

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Abstract

Perceptions and attitudes toward nursing impairment held by 1,047 registered nurses were examined. Factor analysis of the 32 Likert-type items in an original survey question-naire revealed an underlying structure of nine dimensions characterizing attitudes toward impairment. Analyses of variance and covariance gave evidence that supervisors were more likely than staff nurses to perceive a need for disciplinary action in responding to cases of nursing impairment; staff nurses were more likely to view impairment as treatable. Significant differences were found among attitudes toward drug abuse, alcohol abuse, and emotional distress as forms of impairment.

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